Moving Your Data


In the world of HPC there is frequent need to move and copy your files and folders between locations. This page covers various methods of performing these basic file operations.

SMB/CIFS Data Transfer over GUI - (AKA: “just copy-paste”)

With so many complicated terms, acronyms, and learning how to use the command line, sometimes we all forget that you can still use a GUI (Graphical User Interface).

To connect to your Beartooth or Alcova file shares the old fashion way, you can map or browse to them in file explorer on Windows, or Connect to Server on Mac. These methods will require an on-campus connection, or active connection to Wyosecure VPN:

In Windows:

  1. Search using the windows start search for file explorer, or click on the ‘File Explorer App’

  2. This will bring up a file explorer window. In the address bar for the window, type in \\<servername>\<pathto>\<yourproject> and hit enter.

  3. If you’re prompted for your login, enter uwyo\<your_username> in the username field, and <your UWYO password> in the password field, then connect.

Beartooth data storage corresponds to server name “tetoncreek-cifs” while Alcova data storage corresponds to server name “alcova”. If you’re not sure how what your exact project path is, you can e-mail and ARCC staff members can provide guidance. Once the folder is mapped, you can ctrl+c, ctrl+v or drag and drop like you’re used to from any windows PC.

On a Mac:

  1. From the Finder Menu, click ‘Go’ → ‘Connect to Server’.

  1. In the ‘Connect to Server’ window that pops up, enter: smb://<servername><pathto>/<yourproject> and click ‘Connect’.

  2. When prompted for login credentials, enter uwyo\<your_username> in the username field, and <your UWYO password> in the password field, then connect.

Beartooth data storage corresponds to server name “tetoncreek-cifs” while Alcova data storage corresponds to server name “alcova”. Once you’re connected to the folder, you can cmd+c, cmd+v or drag and drop like you’re used to. If you’re not sure how what your exact project path is, you can e-mail and ARCC staff members can provide guidance.

Command Line Tools

Here are several command line tools to make managing files easier:

scp (Secure Copy)

Secure copy or SCP is a means of securely transferring computer files between a local host and a remote host or between two remote hosts. It is based on the Secure Shell (SSH) protocol. From the command line interface, the local host is always represented by the text before the $ in your command line prompt.

Example: user@hostname:location$ This prompt reference the username of the user you’re logged in as, the hostname (the computer you're logged into on the command line prompt) and location, the folder you're currently in. For example if Cowboy Joe were logged into Beartooth and in his home folder, the prompt may like: [cowboyjoe@blog1 ~]$ Since users usually connect to Beartooth over a login node, blog1 references the current node on the Beartooth HPC that Cowboy Joe was assigned to, when he logged into the cluster. This is the specific node on the cluster he's using. ~ is an abbreviation and reference to his /home folder in the cluster which he's currently "in". The [hostname] from the login prompt represents the local host in all following SCP examples.

Copying a file or folder from a remote host to your local host using SCP:

$ scp username@from_host:/path_to_file/file.txt /local/folder/
$ scp -r username@from_host:/path_to_folder/folder  /local/folder

Copying a file or folder from local host to a remote host using SCP:

$ scp file.txt username@to_host:/remote/folder/

Copying a file from one remote host to another remote host using SCP:

Copy all the contents from a local host folder into a remote host folder using SCP:


Secure Shell File Transfer Protocol is a command-line interface client program to securely transfer files using an encrypted Secure Shell connection. SFTP should not be confused with running an FTP client over an SSH connection.

Start the sftp interface: SFTP


  • This gets a txt file from Teton and moves it to the Local System:
    get hello_world.txt destination_directory

  • This puts a txt file from the Local System onto Teton:
    put source_directory/hello_world.txt destination_directory


  • rclone is an updated and multithreaded version of the rsync utility, with robust capabilities.

    • functions as both a file synchronization and file transfer program

  • The rsync algorithm is a type of delta encoding and is used to minimize network usage. Zlib may be used for additional compression, and SSH or stunnel can be used for data security

  • Rsync is typically used to synchronize files and directories between two different systems.

    • For example, if the command rclone local-file is run, rclone will use SSH to connect as the user to remote-host


  • To sync the contents of dir1 to dir2 on the same system:
    rclone -r dir1/ dir2

  • To sync with a remote system:
    rclone -a ~/dir1


FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a network protocol for transmitting files between computers over Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) connections. Within the TCP/IP suite, FTP is considered an application layer protocol.

  • Although some systems might have a ftp client installed directly on the system, due to various security concerns, and that the protocol is being deprecated, ARCC does not have a client installed.

    • As a starting point, see the Wiki entry that states “Throughout 2021, the two major web browser vendors removed this ability. Support for the FTP protocol was first disabled in Google Chrome 88 in January 2021,[4] followed by Firefox 88.0 in April 2021.[5] In July 2021, Firefox 90 dropped FTP entirely,[6] and Google followed suit in October 2021, removing FTP entirely in Google Chrome 95”.


Where users require an ftp client we can offer a number of alternatives:

Globus Online

Globus manages file transfers between two computer systems. It is ideal for large files and available for many institutional clusters and networks.
This document covers the basics of using Globus and provides external links to more detailed information.
If you’re a first time user or simply need a refresher, please refer to Globus’ excellent step by step guide.

Using Globus in Brief

  1. Login to Globus' Web app.

    1. Click “Login”.

    2. To use UWyo’s organizational login, search for ‘University of Wyoming’.

      1. Note that this step may be skipped if Globus still has you cached.

  2. Enter or search for an endpoint or collection in the ‘Collection’ field or find recently used endpoints under ENDPOINTS in the left pane.

    1. The Teton/Alcova collection is ‘ARCC Teton’.

  3. Click ‘Transfer or Sync to…’ in the panel on the right side of the page.

  4. Enter/find a second collection.

  5. Browse to the appropriate source and destination folders in both collections.

  6. Select the files/folders you wish to copy and click ‘Start’.

  7. Click ‘Activity’ in the left pane to observe the transfer progress.

Globus file share instructions

See Globus' instructions on sharing data to learn how to create and share an upload/download repository that you can control access to.

Globus Connect Personal

Globus Connect Personal allows you to share and transfer files to and from your laptop or desktop computer. GCP supports the three primary OS’s. The default is for Mac; click the ‘Show me other supported operating systems’ toggle to download for Linux and Windows.

Note that GCP has a “High Assurance” option for Protected Health Information or Controlled Unclassified Information.

Globus Command Line Interface (CLI)

If you need to use a command line interface, please refer to Globus’ excellent step by step guide.